Top 12 Greatest Scientists of all Time

Science is not an easy stream to work on for life. The ones who conquer the world by virtue of their research work or inventions or discoveries deserve all the fame! Being a scientist is not everyone’s cup of tea. With great knowledge of the subject, it also demands a lot of patience. The reason we know about the logic behind how things work, is the long, extended and rigorous research work done by some great personalities in the history. They gave the world a vision- A vision of Logical Understanding, the concept of practical knowledge came into existence then.

Here is a list of the Top 12 Scientists of all time.


One of the greatest scientist who is much familiar to us because of our physics books!  He was born in the 287 BC, a long long time from now. Born in the seaport city of Syracuse, Sicily, at that time  in Magna Gregraecia, located along the coast of Southern Italy. The area of his work is vast. He made development in the field of Mathematics, physics, Engineering, Astronomy invention. In addition to his brilliant discoveries in mathematics and physics, his inventions still hold the fame for him.



Talking about world’s greatest and not discussing the Indian brains is an infringement. Born on 7 November’ 1888 on the lands of  Tiruchirappalli, Madras presidency, British India, Sir Chandrasekhara Raman were an Indian physicist and a member of the Royal Society who carried out ground-breaking work in the field of light scattering, which earned him the  Nobel prize for physics in 1930. He explored that when light passes through a transparent material, some of the deflected light changes its wavelength. This phenomenon subsequently known as Raman Scattering resulted from the Raman Effect. Raman was also honored with the Bharat Ratna,  India’s highest civilian award  in 1954. Other notable awards include Knight Bachelor (1929), Hughes Medal (1930), and Lenin Peace Prize (1957). His achievements are quite a lot for a scientist or even for a normal person to achieve in his/her life.

SCIENTIST(3)- Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein was the German-born theoretical physicist who was born on 14 March 1879. He devoted all his time to work in the fields of physics and philosophy. General  relativity and specific relativity,   Einstein field equation, Theory of Brownian motion, Bose-Einstein statistics, Bose-Einstein condensate, photoelectric effect, Gravitational waves, Cosmological constant, Enfield-field theory and EPR paradox are some discoveries from his bag that are a bit of losing cannon for an ordinary creature. He received the Nobel Prize in physics (1921). Albert Einstein’s work clearly proves that he was one of the greatest scientist, whose work we still study!


Another Indian nuclear physicist topping the list of the world’s greatest scientists  is  Homi Jehangir Bhabha. Born on 30 October 1990 in Bombay, India was the founding director of two research institutions, namely the Tata Institution of Fundamental Research and Trombay Atomic Energy Establishment. Both sites were the foundation pillars of Indian development of nuclear weapons. Bhabha was successful in drawing the international attention after deriving a correct expression for the contingency of scattering positrons by electrons, a process presently known as Bhabha scattering. His major dedication included his work on R-process, Compton Scattering and furthermore the advancement of nuclear physics. He received Adams Prize in 1942 and Padma Bhushan in 1954.


Who knew that an ordinary boy of a boat owner will become the 11th president of India. Well, proved by A.P.J Abdul Kalam, born and raised up in Madras, started his career as an aerospace scientist. He served four decades of his career as  the science administrator and a scientist, at the Defence Research and Development Organization and Indian Space Research Organization and was also involved in India’s civilian space program and military missile development efforts. Also known as the Missile Man of India is also awarded Bharat Ratna in 1997, Padma Vibhushan in 1990 and Padma Bhushan in 1981.


Born in 1642, Newton made investigations and discoveries in physics, mathematics, astronomy and optics. Published in 1687, In his Principal Mathematics,  he laid the foundations for classical mechanics, elaborating the law of gravity and laws of motion. The Newton’s laws of motion and the concept of ‘Gravitation’ are into existence today because of this hardworking scientist.


Belonging to the era of Ancient philosophy Aristotle made his development and discoveries in the region of Western philosophy. His main areas of interests include Biology, Zoology, Physics, Metaphysics, Logic, Politics and Government. He was elected as the head of the royal academy of Macedon. Aristotle studied almost every subject available at that time and made significant contributions to most of them. He was famous for his notable ideas in Hylomorphism, Hexis, Golden mean, Aristotelian logic and Theory of the soul.


J.C.Maxwell was a British citizen and a Scottish scientist who made discoveries in the field of physics and mathematics. He is known for several discoveries that we read today and that includes Maxwell’s discs,  Maxwell’ s equations, Maxwell’s demon, Maxwell speed distribution, Maxwell  distribution,  displacement current and Maxwell coil. He won many glories that include Smith’s prize (1854), Adam’s Prize (1857), Rumford Medal (1860) and Keith Prize (1869-71).


Marie Sklodowska Curie was born on 7 November 1867 in Warsaw, Kingdom of Poland. She worked in the area of physics and chemistry. She was the first woman, the first person and the only individual woman to win a Nobel Prize twice in multiple sciences. She was also the first woman professor at the University of Paris. Curie was a Polish physicist and chemist who conducted research on radioactivity. Her discovery of elements, Polonium and Radium earned her worldwide recognition. She too worked on the techniques of isolation of elements.


This scientist was born in Kolkata. This Indian physicist and self-taught scholar received universal recognition for his work on quantum mechanics in the early 1920’s. He is famous for providing the foundation for the theory of the Bose-Einstein condensate and Bose-Einstein statistics. He was later honored with India’s highest civilian award, the Padma Vibhushan in 1954.


Born on December 22, 1887, in Tamil Nadu this scientist had no formal training in pure mathematics and yet he worked hard to become an Indian mathematician. He was a self-taught person who made extraordinary contributions to mathematical analysis, infinite series and continued fractions. He mastered a book on advanced trigonometry by S.L.Loney at the age of 13 and started making sophisticated theorems on his own.  He died in India at a very young age of 22.


Born on 12 August 1919, in Ahmadabad, a city in Gujarat is also known as the Father of India’s space programme. After the successful launch of Sputnik, Sarabhai was instrumental in convincing the Indian government to open ISRO in India. He was attributed with Padma Bhushan in 1966 and the Padma Vibhushan after his death in 1972.

Related posts:

Sharing is Caring


About author View all posts

Arushi Kaushik