Coffee is the buzzword, the elixir to live. Surviving in the modern age calls for hard work- both mentally and physically. Most of us are usually sleep deprived and low on energy. Coffee is what keeps us going. Coffee is our go-to energy drink. Coffee is not just a drink, it’s a happy feeling, and it’s therapeutic in a way. Coffee helps us relax. It is a drink to be enjoyed sip by sip. We’ve become so accustomed to the taste of this beautiful drink, that it has almost become an addiction.
But, have you ever been confused while ordering coffee at a café? So many variants to choose from that you have no clue about? We’ve come to your rescue. We bring you a list of 10 different types of the drink you love- coffee.
More popular in Europe than in America, espresso coffee is blended from a number of roasts and varietals to form a bold, but not bitter flavor. Espresso majorly forms a base for other varieties of coffee such as cappuccino, latte, flat white etc. It is prepared by forcing a small amount of almost boiling water under pressure through finely ground coffee beans. It is usually served as a shot. Espresso is both a coffee beverage and also a coffee brewing method. One shot of espresso consists of three main parts- The Heart- the very dark part at the bottom of the espresso shot; The Body- the light brown centre where the darkest part and top layer of cream begin mixing together and The Crema- the top frothy layer.
Cappuccino is another popular Italian coffee drink. Most simply put, cappuccino is a shot of espresso with steamed, wet milk and steamed milk foam. Most often, cappuccinos are prepared with an espresso machine. It is often topped with velvet milk foam and finished with a sprinkle of chocolate powder. The name ‘cappuccino’ comes from Capuchin friars’ habits or their tonsured white heads surrounded by ring of brown hair. While preparing cappuccino, the texture and temperature of the milk is of supreme importance. Milk is perfectly steamed to form tiny air bubbles into it, creating micro foam. This gives sweetness and a smooth texture to the milk.
8. Café Latte
Café Latte is one of the most popular drinks in America and has a sweet, mellow flavor. This variety of drink originates from Italy and literally translates to ‘coffee with milk.’ Café latte is becoming a popular breakfast drink worldwide. It is a crème colored drink with foamed milk and often with artwork created with the foam. Café Latte can also be called a ‘wet’ cappuccino. Latte is made primarily from espresso and steamed milk. It consists of one third espresso, two thirds heated milk and about 1cm of foam. In Latte, there is a greater percentage of steamed milk than foam.
A layered, rich and bold variety of coffee, Macchiato literally means ‘marked’ or ‘stained’ in Italian. So the literal translation of café macchiato would be ‘stained coffee’ or coffee with a spot of milk. The intent behind this variety of coffee is that the milk moderates rather than overwhelms the taste of coffee while adding a touch of sweetness. To prepare café macchiato, a small amount of steamed milk is directly added to a single shot of espresso. Macchiato has a bolder flavor than any other coffee drinks. If you like your coffee to be strong, café Macchiato will prove to be a perfect choice for you.
An iced beverage that is shaken, blended or beaten to produce tasty foam and refreshing drink is what you call Frappe coffee. Mostly, it is served chilled, often with whipped cream or ice cream and other toppings. The word frappe is a French word and when describing a drink, it means chilled. The frappe coffee has become a staple of the outdoor Greek coffee culture. This variety is prepared in an appropriate mixer. The main ingredients are instant coffee, sugar, ice cubes and milk. They are blended together to form a foamy drink which is usually served with a drinking straw.
5. Flat White
This beverage is prepared by pouring micro foam over a shot of espresso. Flat white has an even mix of milk and smooth velvet foam. It just feels like drinking a tastier espresso. It was invented in Australia in the 1980s. This variety of coffee is quite similar to cappuccino and latte. Though they might sound similar in their preparation technique, when you actually taste it, it is very different from the other two varieties. While preparing the flat white, it is important to ensure that both the milk and the espresso are completely intertwined. The ideal serving size for flat white is much smaller than a cup of cappuccino or latte.
4. Long Black
This style of coffee is common in Australia and New Zealand. It is made by pouring a double shot of espresso over hot water. This method of pouring the espresso over the hot water preserves the crema better. Long black coffee is less voluminous and therefore, more strongly flavored. This beverage has the shot on top and tastes like a float of espresso on top of water. Long black is a category of black coffee, and milk is not usually used while preparing it. This allows the coffee to shine through without the milk masking the flavors.
Mocha is actually a type of coffee bean with a natural chocolate flavor. These coffee beans originate in Mocha- Yemen. Also called mocaccino, a café Mocha is a chocolate flavored variant of café Latte. The beverage is based on espresso and hot milk with added chocolate, usually in the form of sweet cocoa powder or chocolate syrup. Mochas can contain dark or milk chocolate. Mocha may be topped with milk froth or whipped cream. Some varieties also use a dusting of cinnamon or cocoa powder or marshmallows for flavor and decoration. Mocha is even stronger than cappuccino.
In Italian, Ristretto means ‘restricted’ or ‘limited’. Ristretto coffee is a very strong coffee made from a shot of espresso beans, always served with a glass of water. The Ristretto shot is less bitter than espresso, being the restricted form of espresso. While preparing a Ristretto, it is all about the pour, timing and grind of the beans. A short shot of espresso, Ristretto is traditionally made with the normal amount of ground coffee but extracted with about half the amount of water. A cup of Ristretto coffee is pure heaven for coffee purists.
Affogato is the Italian word for ‘drowned’. It is a coffee based dessert, made of gelato or ice cream literally drowned in espresso. In Italy, Affogato was usually served post lunch or dinner. It is preferable to prepare Affogato with a high-quality coffee, with a bean that blends well with the milky taste of the ice cream. It is advisable not to use instant coffee while preparing Affogato coffee. Pour hot coffee on a scoop of vanilla ice cream when you’re ready to serve. The scoop must be pressed down hard into the glass so that the coffee stays up, coating every spoonful with pure caffeinated bliss.