Lower back pain can be defined as a condition where the lower portion of one’s spine suffers from pain. It is also called as “Lumbago” This condition is usually seen in older people. As people are being more productive to the digital age of society, these conditions have been on rise. Furthermore, proper exercise and healthy diet is needed and that will definitely help in altering this scenario. There are numerous causes which leads to lower back pain.
So, following are 12 common causes of lower back pain :
12. Muscle Strain
First of all, the most basic cause for lower back pain would be due to muscle strain. People are ignoreing this symptom and eventually that builds up to be the root cause leading to muscle damage. Working out in gym often involves lifting weights, but sometimes we are not accustomed for such heavy workout. This is the most common reason why people of young age are falling victim to the damage done by lower back pain.
Scoliosis is an abnormal curving of backbone. A better idea of this medical condition would be like your spine is not regular shape that is often observed in humans. But why does this condition would lead to lower back pain? Since the vertebrae is not usual, the position varies which often leads to back pain. Imagine driving your car for a long time, we start experiencing strain in our lower back but people with scoliosis suffer from unimaginable pain as compared to usual people. This condition is seen mostly on children. It can be treated by using certain blade mechanism.
10. Degenerative disc
Degenerative disc disease is a condition in which our healthy spine starts to decay. This can be explained to you by breaking the entire concept in a small sections. Each spine contains set of discs (disc here is just like the disc you use in your bikes for shock absorption purpose) These discs helps us in bending , gives us the flexibility for doing tedious work. So, when a huge amount of wear and tear occurs these discs cease to function properly. This eventually leads to pressure being applied to our lower back.
9. Spinal stenosis
Spinal Stenosis is referred to as the medical condition where one’s spine undergoes wear and tear. The primary factor for this wear and tear is because of aging. First of all, we are developing stenosis due to inflammation, tumors and injuries. Most of all, this condition leads to lower back pain. Because the normal positioning of one’s spine starts to differ and that causes tremendous pain. Therefore, people are encouraged to start doing yoga from young age so that such conditions can be minimized.
8. Kidney Problems
Kidney problems are often ignored by us while considering for lower back pain. When we suffer from kidney problems like kidney stones or infection, we experience an unbearable pain. This cause puts up a strain on our spine. Most of all, this pain is felt at lower muscles of our vertebrae. Ignoring internal problems, can cost us a tremendous loss.
7. Herniated Lumbar disc
First of all, I think we are quite familiar to the term ‘ lumbar disc ‘ now. In Herniated Lumbar disc, the nerve corresponding to our nerve gets swelled. The reasons are heavy lifting, unpredictable strain. In simple words, herniated lumbar disc condition occurs when the ring around the lumbar disc cracks open which leads to leakage of gel like material. This results in lower back pain.
Sciatica is a term that describes pain that is shown in one’s sciatica nerve. The pain is usually observed in buttocks and lower back. This problem is often caused by disc alignment issues. Since, sciatica nerve is the largest nerve in our body. The excruciating pain is thus observed here. Proper relaxation and healthy diet would help to cure this problem as well as act as a prevention measure.
Osteoporosis is the term used for thinning bones. Brittle / weak bones are the alternative name for this condition. Development of osteoporosis generally occurs due to fractures or rupture of muscles, bones. As a result of this, the overall body density decreases considerably. Thus, the support which is provided by the spine to our body is compromised and eventually this fluctuating scenario leads to severe lower back pain. The severity is proportional to the body density.
Spondylolisthesis is medical term when one of bones in your vertebra ( vertebra consists of 26 bones ) slides forward or backwards over the bone next to it. The above figure gives us a proper representation of how spondylolisthesis occurs. At first, you can see the vertebra looks intact, there is no slippage or any crack and eventually the percentage of slip increases. Medically, there are 5 stages in which this condition is divided. They are as mentioned below :
Grade I: Slip is up to 25% ,Grade II: Slip is between 26%-50%, Grade III: Slip is between 51%-75 , Grade IV: Slip is between 76%-100% , Grade V: Your vertebrae has completely fallen off the next vertebra.
Thus, due to this condition the alignment of vertebra is disrupted, which leads to fatal problems. This results in lower back pain because one’s movement is restricted. Any incremental stress at your vertebra would cause deadly consequences.
3. Compression Fracture
Fracture which is caused on your cylindrical vertebra, in which the bones are caved in is termed as Compression Fracture. This condition is mostly exhibited by older people. Due to such fracture, the lower back muscle starts to swell and eventually agonizing pain is perceived by the patient. Avoidance of accident is inevitable, but we can start treating this condition as soon as possible. Delay observed in such cases could cost people even their ability to stand again.
The word ‘ itis ‘ simply means inflammation. Sacroliitis is term which is used to describe inflammation in sacroiliac joint. This joint is located on either side of your lower spine. Pregnant woman often suffer from sacroliitis because pelvis stretching and widening, trigger the sacroiliac joint. There is a constant lower back pain provoked due to this inflammation.
Dislocation means when the joints are forced out of their regular position. A total dislocation means there is no contact between any of the articulated surfaces of the joint whereas a partial dislocation, suggests a degree of contact. It occurs due to trauma, heavy lifting , improper exercises , etc. This is the primary cause of lower back pain. Over the period of time, this problem has resurfaced many times. Being familiar with this condition, people often neglect it. But if ignored, this can be a starting point to muscle wear and tear, inflammation, reduction of body density.