So that little ball of fur you have you think is self sufficient? Think of your cat as your baby. Would you still believe it is self sufficient. Well, then perhaps you have been super negligent in caring for your feline companion. And how does that matter you ask? A pet is more a responsibility, almost like bringing up your own child. You know how it is when you ignore healthcare issues for a human baby? It’s worse for your feline companion because it has little option but to be content in however much care you take of it, or not. It is your responsibility to schedule checkups with your vet and make sure your cat is doing mine. It is on you to make sure your cat is given all essential shots and there is no negligence of any sort in its healthcare. You should also keep a check for common cat ailments and make sure you guard you cat against the illnesses. If you only spot early signs of ailments, you may not have to regret later. So here are the most common cat ailments which every cat owner should be well aware of.
10. Cat obesity
Yes, contrary to what you might believe, obesity is a much common and harmful disease in your ball of fur too. It is necessary to keep a check on your cat’s weight and other stats to ensure a healthy growth. It is also essential that your cat remain fit to rule out later ailments such as joint pain, diabetes and liver problems. Yes, cats are living beings too and they too suffer almost the same as you do.
To ensure that your cat is at a healthy weight, you must first ensure that you are able to feel it’s backbone and ribs without pressing with too much pressure. You must also be able to locate a discernible waist from above between the lower ribs and the hips. While from the side to you must see the tucked in tummy between the ribs and the hips. For a healthy weight maintenance make sure your cat is getting enough physical exertion and in case you watch it grow at an unhealthy pace, you may cut down on the calorie intake by up to 30%.
9. Vomiting and diarrhoea
Yes, vomiting or diarrhoea in your cat is as common as in babies, and it may be a result of what your cat last ate, some food or plant that might not have agreed too well with its gut. However, you must never pass off these symptoms as irrelevant as they may not cure on their own and may also be signs of a deeper lying infection or disease. One instance in a blue moon may be overlooked but persistent vomiting or diarrhoea can be a cause of serious concern and must be checked with the doctor. Bloody or black stools too should be reported without fail as they may be caused by internal bleeding. Increase your pet’s fluid intake and make sure you visit the vet at the earliest.
Cats maybe capable of falling from heights uninjured, but a not so high fall from the window too might result in an injury. This is mostly because the fall happens too soon for it to adjust its body in a position to land uninjured. Check if your cat whimpers at your touch, is limping or has difficulty moving around. It might be a sight of suffering a fracture. If you report to an animal doctor with immediate effect, there are high chances your cat will survive the fall, as pain too can get fatal for your fur ball.
7. Dental Disease
Bad breath, difficulty in eating and major changes in chewing practices too can be a cause of concern with your feline companion. Bad breath might be indicative of gingivitis or even digestive issues whereas pain in tooth may need dental attention for your cat. Discoloured, red or swollen gums, ulcers in the mouth or tongue, loose teeth or constant pawing at the mouth area may indicate problems too. Cat’s should have their teeth brushed with a tooth paste and brush specially designed for felines, and also, your cat should be given a chew toy to avoid tartar before it gets hard.
6. Kidney Disease
Kidney disease might lead to toxin build up in your cat as it reduces the ability to excrete waste through urine. They can be caused by high exposure to toxins, blood pressure, infection, cancer or maybe even kidney stones. Kidney disease is more common in older cats. Symptoms of a kidney disease include vomiting and diarrhoea, weight loss, lethargy and decreased appetite. Kidney diseases should not be overlooked as they may even require dialysis or transplant.
So yes, if your cat gets fleas, there would be parasites sticking to it, sucking out it’s blood. Look for signs of increased scratching, hair loss, bald patches etc. You may even be able to spot flea egs, excretion or fleas in your pet’s fur. Consult your vet for a suitable product to kill the fleas and the eggs. Confirming with the vet is necessary as using general insecticides on your cat may even prove fatal.
4. Heartworm disease
Normally, cats are not the host for heartworms. However, if your cat shows symptoms like coughing, respiratory problems and vomiting, you might want to check. There is no found effective treatment and heartworms may prove fatal unless your cat has an immune system to fight it by itself. Surgery is often recommended by vets but can prove to be a risky procedure. You should thus be most vigilant of giving preventive heartworm medication to your feline.
Cats most commonly get Lymphosarcoma or the cancer of the lymph system caused by feline leukemia virus. It is mostly intestinal or in the chest. White cats however are also highly vulnerable to squamous cell carcinoma.
You must thus keep checking your cat for any symptoms including lumps, swelling, sores, weight loss, lethargy, lameness, vomiting, difficulty in breathing or defecating and urinating. Any of these symptoms found in combination may thus be reported to the vet without delau.
Treatment option may be chemotherapy, surgery, radiation, immunotherapy etc. Cats too require cancer treatment from vets who have specialized in oncology.
2. Infectious Diseases
Infectious diseases too are much witnessed in your feline companion. Most common of them are respiratory diseases. While most are prevented with vaccinations, your cat may still catch a number of infections. Common symptoms include runny nose, sneezing, cough, fever, sores in the mouth or teary eyes. Since most infections in cats tend to be viral, there is no immediate treatment and you ought to wait. However, in case of extreme symptoms, consulting the vet is a must as you do not want a simple respiratory infection to prove fatal.
Other common infectious diseases can be guess by symptoms like fecer, bloody diarrhoea, lethargy and dehydration. You must report to the vet immediately even if it is viral infection as you do not want to be careless with your cat’s life.
1. Urinary tract disease
Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD) is the most common condition you would come across in your feline. It affects the bladder and the urethra of your little pet. You might spot symptoms when your cat stops using the litter box, strains without producing urine or shows simple irritation while urination. Excessive licking of the genital area or blood in the urine too should help you detect infections. You must report to your vet immediately, especially if the ball of fur strains without urinating as it might be due to urethral blockage which if left unattended can prove to be fatal.
Treatment may have to include antibiotics, pain medication, pushing or removing the blockage etc. Better safe than sorry, prevent your cat now. Go symptom spotting and never let your cat succumb to diseases.